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The Ancient City of Aleppo was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1986.
During the past two years, Aleppo has been at the frontline in the present conflict.
Syria has six World Heritage sites: the Ancient City of Aleppo, the Ancient City of Bosra, the Ancient City of Damascus, the Ancient Site of Palmyra, the Ancient Cities of Northern Syria, and Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din.
These include periodic reports by UNESCO, However, no work to date has documented the extent of damage to all of Syria’s World Heritage sites using recent high-resolution satellite imagery coupled with news media, social media, and verified, on-the-ground information.
The surrounding walled city dates to the same periods, with still standing structures and architectural remains.
Surviving remains include medieval gates, 6th century Christian structures, Roman period street plans, Ayyubid and Mamluk mosques and schools, and many Ottoman period homes and palaces.
It was backed by Faylaq al-Sham, the Free Syrian Army and Ahrar al-Sham - one of Syria's largest rebel groups, based mainly in Idlib.
After withdrawing on Monday following a regime counter-offensive, rebels launched a new phase of operations on Tuesday, winning back territories.
Lying between the Anti-Lebanon Mountains and the desert, it was one of the great caravan cities and religious centres of the Middle East.